The majority of the
burials are in the Memorial Ground.
During the First World War, Edinburgh was headquarters to the 4th,5th,6th and
9th Battalions of the Royal Scots, with the 7th Battalion at Leith. The 2nd
Scottish General Hospital (1,000 beds) occupied Craigleith Poorhouse, the
Edinburgh War Hospital (2,600 beds) was in the Asylum buildings at Bangour and
the Leith War Hospital (585 beds) in the infirmary at Leith. The port of Leith
was used by hospital ships from north Russia and about 4,500 officers and men
passed through it.
Second World War military hospitals were in Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh Royal
Infirmary and Bangour. The city was also Scottish Command Headquarters.
Edinburgh (Rosebank) Cemetery contains 270 First World War burials. Most died
in the Gretna railway disaster, when two trains collided at Quintinshill
Junction near Gretna on 22 May 1915, killing 210 officers and men of the
1st/7th Royal Scots on their way to embark for Gallipoli. Victims of the
disaster are buried in the Memorial Ground. The cemetery also contains 36
Second World War burials.