Heading North from Anzac, you will encounter the cemetery after 17.6 kms.
on the right, adjacent to the track.
Green Hill and Chocolate Hill (which form together Yilghin Burnu) are adjoining
eminences, about 52 metres above sea level, which rise almost from the eastern
shore of the Salt Lake. The cemetery lies on the east side of the Anzac-Suvla
The eight month campaign in Gallipoli was fought by Commonwealth and
French forces in an attempt to force Turkey out of the war, to relieve the
deadlock of the Western Front in France and Belgium, and to open a supply route
to Russia through the Dardanelles and the Black Sea.
The Allies landed on the peninsula on 25-26 April 1915; the 29th Division at
Cape Helles in the south and the Australian and New Zealand Corps north of Gaba
Tepe on the west coast, an area soon known as Anzac. On 6 August, further troops
were put ashore at Suvla, just north of Anzac, and the climax of the campaign
came in early August when simultaneous assaults were launched on all three
The aim of the Suvla force had been to quickly secure the sparsely held high
ground surrounding the bay and salt lake, but confused landings and indecision
caused fatal delays allowing the Turks to reinforce and only a few of the
objectives were taken with difficulty.
Green Hill and Chocolate Hill (which form together Yilghin Burnu), rise from the
eastern shore of the salt lake. They were captured on 7 August 1915 by the 6th
Lincolns and the 6th Border Regiment but once taken, no further advance was then
made. On the two following days, unsuccessful efforts were made to push on along
the ridge of 'W' Hill (Ismail Oglu Tepe), leading to Anafarta Sagir and on 21
August, the attack of the 11th and 29th Divisions and the 2nd South Midland
Mounted Brigade to take Scimitar Hill, although pressed with great resolution,
left the front line where it had been.
Green Hill Cemetery was made after the Armistice when isolated graves were
brought in from the battlefields of August 1915 and from small burial grounds in
the surrounding area. These earlier burial grounds were known as York; 40th
Brigade Nos. 1 and 2; Green Hill Nos. 1 and 2; Chocolate Hill; Inniskilling;
Salt Lake; and Scimitar Hill (which contained 520 graves, almost all
There are now 2,971 servicemen of the First World War buried or commemorated in
this cemetery. 2,472 of the burials are unidentified but special memorials
commemorate a number of casualties known or believed to be buried among them.
SHOT AT DAWN:
Private H Salter,
6th Bn. East Lancashire Regiment, executed for desertion
11/12/1915. Plot 1. G. 26
The mass pardon of 306
soldiers executed for certain offences during the Great War was enacted in
section 359 of the
Armed Forces Act 2006,
which came into effect on royal assent on 8 November 2006.